adobe creative cloud non profit pricing 4. The determination of accounting earnings shall follow the principle of revenue confirmation. The current accounting practice and the law's view of earnings are still: only after the relevant conditions of the asset value increase are met, the benefits can be generated. Income and appreciation must be measured objectively, determined or unalterable, and must be verified through some business or accounting matters. In other words, the determination of accounting income should be based on the following two principles: the realization principle of income determination and the prudent principle of income determination. According to the realization principle of revenue recognition, the enterprise income should be divided into operating income and profit and loss. The determination of operating earnings must happen in selling goods or services and other key issues, and the profit and loss refers to the production of the assets held realized gains and losses, unrealized gains and losses caused by price change is not confirmed. According to the principle of steady earnings determine when a has a variety of economic business accounting methods for when the choice, should choose the most don't overestimate the method of income, it should not be overestimated revenues and should not be underestimated cost two aspects. Poorly considered activities confuse strong competitiveness with overt aggression. This should 't be the goal of team development activities. A cohesive team that can work successfully together doesn't have aggression to accomplish its goals. Such activities can be demeaning to the people who are often instructed to compete in a level that's largely meaningless in the job. Historically, the concept of income has first appeared in economics. Adam Smith, in the wealth of nations, defined income as "the amount of consumption that is not eroded by capital", and saw it as an increase in wealth. Later, most economists inherited and developed this view. 1890, ai (Alfred Marshall Maarshell) in its "the principles of economics," the Adam Smith's "wealth increase" enterprise, introduced the concept of earnings, is proposed to distinguish the entity capital and value-added benefits of economic benefits. First of all, the earnings of the fund in 2017 are in an uncertain environment. The first half of the market is in a period of "cash shortage". Towards the end of the year, the central bank started to fight for the "money shortage", so monetary policy eased and interbank money market rates fell. As a result, yu 'ebao's yields suddenly fell below the 4 per cent mark.