how to calculate net operating profit In many tries to define the definition of 'time'; we sometimes make use of the very word as part of the definition. Although time is definitely an ever-present concern of humans; this only clearly demonstrates the issue in formulating an obvious precise and easily understood definition this agreement we are going to all universally agree and accept. Interest rates in different countries have different connotations. In China, interest rates typically refer to bank interest rates, further pointing to the pboc's benchmark deposit and lending rates. In the United States, mainly refers to the bond market interest rates, the fed adjustment of benchmark interest rate, also not have mandatory administrative benchmark interest rates, but through open market operations after determine its rate for overnight loans between Banks. Interest rate Inherent flaws in accounting earnings After August 1987, for example, as the dollar fell, people rushed to buy sterling, the high-yielding currency, which rose from $1.65 to $1.90 in a very short time, up almost 20%. In order to limit the rise in the pound, the UK cut interest rates for several consecutive times between may and June 1988, falling from 10% to 7.5%, with the pound falling every time it cut interest rates. But the pound began to pick up again after the bank of England was forced to raise interest rates several times as the pound weakened too quickly and inflationary pressures increased. Historically, the concept of income has first appeared in economics. Adam Smith, in the wealth of nations, defined income as "the amount of consumption that is not eroded by capital", and saw it as an increase in wealth. Later, most economists inherited and developed this view. 1890, ai (Alfred Marshall Maarshell) in its "the principles of economics," the Adam Smith's "wealth increase" enterprise, introduced the concept of earnings, is proposed to distinguish the entity capital and value-added benefits of economic benefits. Banks in USA vary working schedule than in India. In USA Monday through Friday is recognized as "Business day". This day of Monday is treated since the holiday which is assumed as weekends long events. Rest purchasing in India which includes holidays same works together with the USA. There are 10 US national 2010 bank holidays each year so the banks work according them.