profit before tax formula Mooney and si prowse in its around the main accounting principles for enterprises ", not only emphasize to determine profits in a timely manner, and emphasizes the necessary through division operating earnings, the gains and the impact of price changes, to improve the comparability of financial statements and understandability. What does that mean? The form of shares is the share certificate. Different types of joint-stock enterprises, the specific form of their share certificates are different. Among them, only the limited company is used to express the company shares the form is the stock. Stock shall be recorded according to the amount of capital represented by the shares and shall be recorded by shareholders' share of capital contribution and shareholder rights for the public subscription and transfer of transactions. Holding a stock means owning a stake in a limited company, acquiring a shareholder's qualification, and exercising shareholder rights.