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non profit entities

Although an enterprise's internal trade fair eliminates or reduces some of the market transaction costs, it also brings with it the specific transaction costs of the enterprise. The main reason for this defect is also the incompleteness of information. Specifically, first, there are various contractual relationships among enterprises, including contractual relationship between enterprises and workers, contractual relationship between enterprises and managers, etc. The enterprise should supervise the work of the workers and products that it employs, as well as the managers and other personnel, and induces them to work hard for the enterprise. So, companies are signing contracts and spending on oversight and incentives. Secondly, on the one hand, corporate decision makers often need to obtain information from subordinates. On the other hand, the decision-making information of the upper level of the enterprise should be realized by passing it to the subordinate. The information transmission of these two different directions will be distorted by the increase of subordination of enterprise scale, resulting in the loss of enterprise efficiency. Once again, the subordinate of the enterprise often conceals or passes the wrong information to the superior for selfish motives, so that the superior can make decisions that benefit the subordinate. Or, the subordinate's decision to the superior only passes or executes the part that is advantageous to oneself. These will result in the loss of enterprise efficiency. Thus, the expansion of enterprises is limited. According to coase's theory, the scale of the enterprise should be expanded to this point, that is at this point to increase the cost of an internal exchange cost equals the cost through the market exchange cost and so on. There are many types of plans that can be classified according to different criteria. The main classification criteria are: importance of plan, time limit, clarity and abstraction. However, according to these classification criteria, the type of plan obtained is not independent of each other, but is closely related. For example, short - term and long-term plans, strategic plans and job plans, etc. Quality control indicators include: gasoline antiknock property (research octane number, motor octane number, antiknock index), sulfur content, vapor pressure, contents of olefins, aromatics, benzene content, corrosion, distillation range, etc. In January 2014, the national general motors (gm) IV standard was used. The state administration of quality supervision and inspection and the national standards commission issued the mandatory national standards for motor vehicles in phase V. The plan is to be implemented at the end of 2016. The sulfur content is the most critical environmental protection indicator in vehicle gasoline. In order to further reduce the emission of vehicle pollutants, the national V standard lowers the sulfur content limit from 50ppm in the fourth stage to 10ppm, which is 80% lower. Manganese has the potential risk to human health, and the vehicle emission control system will also have adverse effects. According to the principle of prevention, the limit value of the manganese content indicator is reduced from 8mg/L in the fourth stage to 2mg/L, which stipulates that no artificial addition is allowed. In order to further reduce the photochemical pollution caused by the evaporation of gasoline, and reduce the gas intake system of the automobile engine, the national five standard reduced the level of olefin from 28% to 24% in the fourth stage. Due to the decrease of octane number caused by the reduction of sulfur and manganese, the number of gasoline used in phase V was adjusted from 90, 93 and 97 to 89, 92 and 95 respectively. At the same time, considering the development trend of the automobile industry, the index requirements of motor gasoline are added in the standard appendices. In the face of market failure, coase has given the opposite answer: external-utility problems can be solved by explicitly using the market, without government intervention. And zhang wuchang is more absolute, he said that there is no so-called external utility, there is only unclear property rights. Anyway, coase brought revolutionary innovation to market concepts. He made it clear that the key to the market was not the "price mechanism" of impersonal machinery, but the power of participants in economic activity. - computing and network business revenue of $3.2 billion in the first quarter of the year, rose 13%, compared to the same period last year doubled, mainly by the server memory content increase. But trump and republicans seem willing to take the risk. After all, by pushing the middle class to raise interest rates, they have already laid out plans for the 2018 and 2020 elections. From now on, they can boast about most family tax cuts. They are expected to peak in the run-up to the presidential election in 2019 and before the bill expires. At first go towards the -> sign up-> sign in-> create profile and at last start posting anything and after that gaining money more and more. There is no problem for creating account in this website, just follow above sequence, and don't watch for activation as a result of completion above process it's going to ready to use. Posting any writings with no copy paste then build an income as the same duration of posting. Also there is not any confusion getting money available. It payment system quoted in USD and in addition there is no fixed amount of payment (large of amount or a little of amount) that relies on writing quality. 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