irs code for non profit organizations The category of surplus value clearly reflects the antagonism between capital and labor, because it is the multiplication of variable capital and is possessed by the capitalist without compensation; And the category of profit, it seems, means that capital itself can create a new value. This reversal is the inevitable product of capitalist mode of production. First, because the constant capital + variable capital (c+v) consumed by the capitalist production is converted into cost price, thus concealing the essential difference between the invariant capital (c) and the variable capital (v); Second, because Labour costs into wages, show the labor remuneration, so surplus value into profit, has nothing to do with laborer labor, virtually the only product of the total capital; Finally, the surplus value into profit, on the premise of rate of surplus value into profit margins, namely by means of profit margins, only costs more than the forehead has translate into profits, further into the upfront costs in a certain cycle period more than the balance of its own price. In real life, industry companies is usually based on the established level of profitability, and then obtained the expected LiRunLiang on profit margins by prepaid cost, but it is not a subjective illusion, but objectively completely possible. The scientific argument and practice shows that this profit is actually the increment of variable cost. In short, profit is an intrinsic or an entity, while the rest is an external phenomenon or form. It includes garbage trucks, refrigerated truck trucks, dump trucks carrying sand, concrete transporters, tankers, as well as trailers, semi-trailers, container trucks, etc. The petrol is overfilled Mehrotra said: "historically, Micron in 3 d XPoint efforts focus on technology development and early stage, but because we are paying more and more attention to high value product solutions, we recently sent a team of product development resources, taking advantage of the opportunity of our eyes." In 1946, the famous British economist J.R. hicks, in value and capital, developed the concept of income into a general concept of economic gain. He argues that the real purpose of computing revenues is to make people aware of the amount of money they can spend without making them poorer. Accordingly, he gave a generally accepted definition of "the maximum amount of consumption that a person can spend at the end of the term, at the same level of prosperity". Hicks's definition, though primarily for personal gain, applies to businesses as well. In the case of the enterprise, according to this definition, the enterprise income can be understood as the maximum amount that can be allocated in the enterprise cost accounting period under the same amount of capital at the end of the term and the beginning of the period. The theory of modern political economy in China holds that the profit under the socialist system is the form of the value of the surplus products created by the workers for the society. The value composition of the product is c+v+m,c+v is converted into production cost, and the m is part of the surplus product created by the laborer for the society, which translates into profit for the enterprise. The specific form of socialist profit is: to realize profit, that is, the balance of the sales revenue of the enterprise minus the expenses of various expenses; To pay the profits in accordance with the provisions to the national financial department; After tax profit, that is, the profit of the enterprise shall be returned to the enterprise in accordance with the state provisions. On Wednesday, the U.S. house of representatives passed a revised republican tax reform bill. U.S. President Donald trump has called the tax reform a historic victory, and lower regulation would be good for the economy. The tax reform bill is the largest U.S. tax reform in three decades and the first comprehensive tax reform. Any transaction can be seen as a contract between the two parties. The so-called transaction cost can be seen as the cost of the transaction contract. According to Mr Coase and others, a type of transaction costs arise from the accidental factors that occur when a deal is signed. These incidental factors may not be written into the contract due to the fact that they could not be foreseen in advance, or although they could be foreseen, they could not be written into the contract due to too many factors. Another type of transaction costs is the signing of contracts and the cost of monitoring and enforcing contracts.