phantom profit In New York, the U.S. energy information administration (EIA) released data showing U.S. crude inventories fell by 649.5 million barrels a day in the week ended Dec. 15, beating expectations. Gasoline stocks rose by 12.37 million barrels, but the increase was less than expected. In finance, investing means buying securities or other financial or paper assets. Valuation is a way to estimate the price of a potential investment. The types of investments include real estate, securities investment, gold, foreign currency, insurance or bonds or stamps. These investments may then provide future cash flows that may increase or decrease their value. The investment in the stock market is carried out by securities investors. At the same time, because of the surplus value for money is the commodity that only appeared well after the completion of the production process, it is further considered capitalists in order to produce goods all prepaid capital input by the capital employed are not included in the cost price (including those fixed capital). Not only that, the flow of goods from the production process into the process, in order to engage in sales activities to additional capital (including pure circulation costs), therefore, the residual value is considered to be not only all capital in advance in the field of production, but also be regarded as include all of the advance in the field of production and circulation of capital brought together.