how to calculate profit in economics These managerial accounting questions relate to effective cost assignment and optimal spending budget tips for a company enterprise-the appropriate mix of costs management strategies that maximizes the return on investment and shareholders' wealth while minimizing the price tag on operations, simultaneously. "People say 'oh, those experts', but we're seeing what we call potential risks being rolled out. This is not what the experts say, this is what the economy is showing. " Financial staff are used to dividing the investment payback period into long-term, intermediate and short-term periods. The term usually refers to more than five years, short term generally refers to a period of less than one year, and the middle term is somewhere in between. Managers also use long, medium and short term to describe the plan. Long-term plan describes the organization in a quite long period (usually more than 5 years) and the development direction of policy, regulation on the group's various departments over a longer period of time in some activities should reach the goal and requirements, mapped the organization long-term development blueprint. Short-term plans specifically provides for all departments of an organization in the current stage, to the future the shorter period especially in the recent period of time, which should be engaged in activities, engaged in such activities should meet the requirement, and thus provides a basis for the ACTS of all members of the organization. A large bank of about 0.15 percentage points increased the prices they offered, but the challenger bank still had the best buy watches. What the central bank can do to prevent the threat to its independence becomes more transparent. They can announce the votes of individual board members on all matters related to the policy and publish the minutes without delay. They can hold more press conferences and be less trite in explaining their policies. They can avoid debate on issues far from their task. They can admit that politicians have a right to determine the central bank's mission objectives.