profit logic Followed by Edwards and bear published in his 1961 book "the theory of corporate earnings and measurement of the current operating profit is defined as the sales revenue more than the amount of current production and cost of sales, which can realize the cost savings is in this issue of asset price increases, which can realize the history of the cost savings are the pin commodity costs and the difference between the current purchase price; The realized capital gains are the amount of sales revenue greater than the historical cost when dealing with long-term assets. They argue that "these incremental sums provide investors with a reasonable starting point for measuring the scale of relative affluence and a detailed analysis of the company's operating results and comparable financial conditions". They stress that any full income analysis should take into account both realized and unrealized benefits and classify them by source. When are advantageous to occur, such as no record, will not only lead to current income can't reflect, but also can lead to later to sell assets to income and related costs to wrong ratio; Operating earnings and, on the other hand, the production gains is usually produced by different management decisions, and adopted different circulation form, therefore, make the same comment on both, will weaken the role of the income statement. Because economists understand earnings as actual material wealth increase, accounting experts think the output value of more than the difference between the input value is profits, there is a contradiction and two kinds of income concept. The specific performance is: Further market analysis showed that he could make a small profit and lose money, and the time needed was long, so he decided to draw out the money as soon as possible for other deals. He's going to lose up to $1,000 on the pound. He was more concerned about how much he might lose than the pound. In the trade memo, he noted that if the price of a certain day in the city was not to the profit target, and not to "stop the loss point", the transaction would be closed. What the central bank can do to prevent the threat to its independence becomes more transparent. They can announce the votes of individual board members on all matters related to the policy and publish the minutes without delay. They can hold more press conferences and be less trite in explaining their policies. They can avoid debate on issues far from their task. They can admit that politicians have a right to determine the central bank's mission objectives.