samsung profit and loss account At this year's Shanghai international wine and spirits trade exhibition, we found more and more Brazilian exhibitors. It is believed that with the deepening of china-pakistan economic and trade relations, Brazilian wines can make a big difference in the Chinese market. Late last year, as Brazil's wine industry "leader" of the aurora winery has completed a total for the Chinese as much as 2.16 million barrels of wine export agreement, broke the single export record the wine industry in Brazil, which may be the trend of arguments. As hicks income concept did not specify what is called "equal wealth", and thus the income concept formed the basis of many debates concept, and the theory of accounting earnings, especially the capital preservation theory has a great influence. In accounting, people used to call "maintaining the same level of affluence" as capital preservation. But the DRAM and NAND semiconductor industries have gone from boom to bust in the face of rising prices and the abundance of falling prices. Will it be any different this time? Or is the need for mobile device memory and disk replacement sufficient to continue to delay the abundance until the foreseeable future? 1. The accounting income is based on the actual economic business of the enterprise, and the sales revenue obtained from selling products or providing services is deducted from the cost of actual sales revenue. These economic businesses include both external and internal transactions. Business activities with the outside world transfer the assets or liabilities of an enterprise, since it is usually a direct monetary income, so its measurement is generally accurate. The use or transfer of assets within an enterprise, as a result of a non-direct monetary balance, is usually not accurate. According to traditional accounting views, changes in market prices or expected prices are not included in the transfer of internal assets. When a transaction occurs, the price of an old asset is usually transferred to the new asset, which is the measurement of the proceeds of the transaction. The transaction method automatically deduces the process of determining income during sales or trading, as well as the cost transfer practice in accounting. These managerial accounting questions relate with effective cost assignment and optimal cash strategy tricks of a company enterprise-the appropriate mix of costs management strategies that maximizes the return on your investment and shareholders' wealth while minimizing the expense of operations, simultaneously.