communications director salary non profit As the center of global automotive engine research and development and production, Britain's powertrain design has always maintained the world's leading level, especially in engine design. In 2013, the UK produced 2.55 million engines, accounting for 30 per cent of total European engine production, with 62 per cent of the engines exported to more than 100 countries. Charlotte Nelson, of Moneyfacts, said: "only 56 providers of SVR went up, seven of which raised their interest rates by less than 0.25 percentage points, resulting in a more modest rise in average SVR. The following quarterly results chart shows six quarters of growth. Historically, the concept of income has first appeared in economics. Adam Smith, in the wealth of nations, defined income as "the amount of consumption that is not eroded by capital", and saw it as an increase in wealth. Later, most economists inherited and developed this view. 1890, ai (Alfred Marshall Maarshell) in its "the principles of economics," the Adam Smith's "wealth increase" enterprise, introduced the concept of earnings, is proposed to distinguish the entity capital and value-added benefits of economic benefits.