profit and loss account example excel First of all, it costs transaction cost for the manufacturer to purchase intermediate products in the market. It includes the cost of seeking suitable suppliers, signing contracts and supervising contract execution. If the manufacturer can produce some intermediate products within the enterprise itself, it can eliminate or reduce some transaction costs, and can better guarantee the quality of the products. Second, if the manufacturers need is a special type of specialized equipment, the supplier does not generally willing to specialize in only a buyer of the product of the investment and production, because this kind of proprietary investment risk is bigger. Therefore, vendors that need this specialized device need to solve the problem of specialized devices within the enterprise. In the end, the manufacturers hire employees with specialized skills, such as specialized product design, cost management, and quality control, and establish long-term contractual relationships with them. This can be more beneficial than buying the corresponding services from other vendors, thereby eliminating or reducing the corresponding transaction costs. New participants in the education blockchain ecosystem All things in the world are constantly moving. In all attributes of matter, motion is the most basic attribute, and other attributes are specific manifestations of motion attributes. For example, spatial attribute is the broad embodiment of physical activity. Time attribute is the persistence of material movement. Material movement form is varied, for each specific material movement form the corresponding form of energy, such as: and macro mechanical movement of the object corresponding to the form of energy is kinetic energy; The energy form corresponding to the molecular motion is heat energy; The energy form corresponding to the atomic motion is chemical energy; The energy form corresponding to the directional motion of charged particles is electric energy; The energy form corresponding to the photon motion is light energy; And so on. The motion characteristics of two objects can be described and compared by some physical quantity or chemical quantity. For example, two objects that make mechanical motions can be described and compared by physical quantities such as speed, acceleration and momentum. The current can be described and compared with current strength, voltage, power and so on. , but when the movement form phase at the same time, not two material movement characteristics only can describe and compare each other quantities is energy, the energy feature is moving all the common characteristics of material, energy scale is measure all movement in the form of a general. Thus, a new philosophical definition of energy can be made. Investment refers to the specific economic subject in order to reap the benefits in the foreseeable future period or capital appreciation, within a certain period of a certain subject matter in the field of putting enough amount of money or currency equivalent physical economic behavior. It can be divided into physical investment, capital investment and securities investment. The former is to put money into the enterprise, make a certain profit through production and operation. The latter is to purchase the shares and corporate bonds issued by the enterprise and indirectly participate in the profit distribution of the enterprises. Securities investment analysis method mainly has the following three: analysis of fundamental analysis, technical analysis, evolution, in which the fundamental analysis is mainly used in the choice of investment subject matter, technical analysis and evolution analysis is mainly used in the specific investment operation on the judgment of time and space, as a useful supplement to improve effectiveness and reliability of investment analysis. Micron, President and chief executive Sanjay Mehrotra said: "to Micron strong results mainly by the movement, application server and SSD revenue from double-digit growth, driven in addition gross margin and profit margins are improved."