skype profit Ford motor co., in 1915, produced a car that was different from a horse model China's understanding of the market is mainly based on mechanical reference to western economic theory, but it ignores their assumptions and implicit assumptions. China's so-called mainstream economists' understanding of the market is more of a new classic. In other words, the market is an efficient allocation of social resources pricing mechanism. Although China has introduced new institutional economics, it has not read the meaning of "property rights", and mechanically believes that property rights are based on "stock of property". The form of shares is the share certificate. Different types of joint-stock enterprises, the specific form of their share certificates are different. Among them, only the limited company is used to express the company shares the form is the stock. Stock shall be recorded according to the amount of capital represented by the shares and shall be recorded by shareholders' share of capital contribution and shareholder rights for the public subscription and transfer of transactions. Holding a stock means owning a stake in a limited company, acquiring a shareholder's qualification, and exercising shareholder rights. When IHS Markit produced a euro-area purchasing managers index of 58, more than most economists had forecast, it was at its highest level since February 2011. Any score above 50 indicates growth.