phat profits Any transaction can be seen as a contract between the two parties. The so-called transaction cost can be seen as the cost of the transaction contract. According to Mr Coase and others, a type of transaction costs arise from the accidental factors that occur when a deal is signed. These incidental factors may not be written into the contract due to the fact that they could not be foreseen in advance, or although they could be foreseen, they could not be written into the contract due to too many factors. Another type of transaction costs is the signing of contracts and the cost of monitoring and enforcing contracts. The euro zone's landmark buildings are seen at the headquarters of the European central bank (ECB) in Frankfurt The "fish-type duck tail" model partially overcomes the lift of the air when the car is traveling at high speed, but it does not fundamentally solve the problem of lift of the fish. After a lot of exploration and experimentation, the designer finally found a new type of model - wedge. This type of vehicle is to tilt the body forward downward, and the back of the body is as straight as a knife, which can effectively overcome lift. (2) special transport vehicles for transport Investment refers to the specific economic subject in order to reap the benefits in the foreseeable future period or capital appreciation, within a certain period of a certain subject matter in the field of putting enough amount of money or currency equivalent physical economic behavior. It can be divided into physical investment, capital investment and securities investment. The former is to put money into the enterprise, make a certain profit through production and operation. The latter is to purchase the shares and corporate bonds issued by the enterprise and indirectly participate in the profit distribution of the enterprises. Securities investment analysis method mainly has the following three: analysis of fundamental analysis, technical analysis, evolution, in which the fundamental analysis is mainly used in the choice of investment subject matter, technical analysis and evolution analysis is mainly used in the specific investment operation on the judgment of time and space, as a useful supplement to improve effectiveness and reliability of investment analysis. Two extremes can be envisaged. In an extreme case, each production is done by a single individual, such as a person making a car. In this way, the person is going to trade with a lot of intermediate goods suppliers, and also to trade with the demanders of their products. In this case, all transactions are conducted through the market in many individuals. In another extreme cases, all the production in the economy in a large enterprise, such as the complete car was produced in the enterprise interior, don't need to make any intermediate products trading market. Therefore, the same transaction can be conducted either through the organizational form of the market or through the organizational form of the enterprise. Companies exist, or companies and markets coexist, because some transactions cost less in the enterprise, while others cost less in the market.