marc nelson oil products displacement The investment of securities provides an important means for the central bank to conduct financial macro-control, which is of great significance to the sustainable and efficient development of the national economy. At the same time, because of the surplus value for money is the commodity that only appeared well after the completion of the production process, it is further considered capitalists in order to produce goods all prepaid capital input by the capital employed are not included in the cost price (including those fixed capital). Not only that, the flow of goods from the production process into the process, in order to engage in sales activities to additional capital (including pure circulation costs), therefore, the residual value is considered to be not only all capital in advance in the field of production, but also be regarded as include all of the advance in the field of production and circulation of capital brought together. Some would say that the central bank's way of ensuring independence is to abandon macroprudential policies and micro-prudential policies and to take unconventional interventions in the securities market. But the crisis is an important lesson, macroeconomic and financial policies are closely connected, when the two tasks in the same institution, management by different commission, their coordination is the most effective. And because interest rates are low and uncertain, a crisis is coming, and unconventional policies will come back. Followed by Edwards and bear published in his 1961 book "the theory of corporate earnings and measurement of the current operating profit is defined as the sales revenue more than the amount of current production and cost of sales, which can realize the cost savings is in this issue of asset price increases, which can realize the history of the cost savings are the pin commodity costs and the difference between the current purchase price; The realized capital gains are the amount of sales revenue greater than the historical cost when dealing with long-term assets. They argue that "these incremental sums provide investors with a reasonable starting point for measuring the scale of relative affluence and a detailed analysis of the company's operating results and comparable financial conditions". They stress that any full income analysis should take into account both realized and unrealized benefits and classify them by source. When are advantageous to occur, such as no record, will not only lead to current income can't reflect, but also can lead to later to sell assets to income and related costs to wrong ratio; Operating earnings and, on the other hand, the production gains is usually produced by different management decisions, and adopted different circulation form, therefore, make the same comment on both, will weaken the role of the income statement. Recently, virgin brought an app, from closing, that caused problems. When I first booked two invoices with it, the fare was 20 pounds, not 17 pounds. I asked virgin about it on social media.