us exporting oil UK faces longest fall in living standards since records began, says thinktank In the 18th century, the western countries successively carried out the industrial revolution, the universal adoption of large machinery, laid the foundation for the establishment of factory system. In 1771, British man Richard arkwright1732-1792 founded the first cotton-yarn factory in the city of kron. In the 1930s and 1940s, the factory system was established in Britain, Germany and other countries. The main sex of factory system is: to carry out large-scale intensive labor; Using big machine to improve efficiency production; Implement the employment system; The division of labor is deepening and production is socialized. The establishment of factory system marks the real birth of enterprises. The foundation said some agency workers earned a bonus to compensate in part for the loss of pension contributions, with interim managers and senior social care staff topping the list of those workers who command high wages.