ghee oil Followed by Edwards and bear published in his 1961 book "the theory of corporate earnings and measurement of the current operating profit is defined as the sales revenue more than the amount of current production and cost of sales, which can realize the cost savings is in this issue of asset price increases, which can realize the history of the cost savings are the pin commodity costs and the difference between the current purchase price; The realized capital gains are the amount of sales revenue greater than the historical cost when dealing with long-term assets. They argue that "these incremental sums provide investors with a reasonable starting point for measuring the scale of relative affluence and a detailed analysis of the company's operating results and comparable financial conditions". They stress that any full income analysis should take into account both realized and unrealized benefits and classify them by source. When are advantageous to occur, such as no record, will not only lead to current income can't reflect, but also can lead to later to sell assets to income and related costs to wrong ratio; Operating earnings and, on the other hand, the production gains is usually produced by different management decisions, and adopted different circulation form, therefore, make the same comment on both, will weaken the role of the income statement. Two extremes can be envisaged. In an extreme case, each production is done by a single individual, such as a person making a car. In this way, the person is going to trade with a lot of intermediate goods suppliers, and also to trade with the demanders of their products. In this case, all transactions are conducted through the market in many individuals. In another extreme cases, all the production in the economy in a large enterprise, such as the complete car was produced in the enterprise interior, don't need to make any intermediate products trading market. Therefore, the same transaction can be conducted either through the organizational form of the market or through the organizational form of the enterprise. Companies exist, or companies and markets coexist, because some transactions cost less in the enterprise, while others cost less in the market. There are also time factors. "As the market develops, we have the opportunity to sell our 3D XPoint to partner Intel."