jms stylet oil On Wednesday, on the first four shopping days of Christmas, upscale stores were discounting heavily, including most of the fashion retailers. H&M offers discounts of up to 60%, while Debenhams, Fraser, French connections, gaps, new faces and Dorothy Perkins offer discounts of up to 50%. Palmer said: "I'm worried about the British retailers are now in the midst of a perfect storm, interest rate decisions in November, rising inflation, real wages, falling credit availability and the UK to take off the European uncertainty increased, these during the Christmas season for caused an unprecedented pressure on household budgets, pushed consumer confidence to historic lows. "Historically, the concept of income has first appeared in economics. Adam Smith, in the wealth of nations, defined income as "the amount of consumption that is not eroded by capital", and saw it as an increase in wealth. Later, most economists inherited and developed this view. 1890, ai (Alfred Marshall Maarshell) in its "the principles of economics," the Adam Smith's "wealth increase" enterprise, introduced the concept of earnings, is proposed to distinguish the entity capital and value-added benefits of economic benefits. Yu 'ebao used to have peaks and valleys 1) operation special car In just three days, the 30-year bond jumped 16 basis points, the biggest gain since December 2008. Today, because all of these reasons, the central bank hit: lost the inflation target, failure to maintain financial stability, not transparent to restore stability, without fully considering the global impact of policy. Politicians are unhappy with their performances and are seeking to regain control. Surplus value is created by employing workers in the process of direct production, but it must be transferred to the currency before it can be realized. Whether or not the goods can be sold and sold at what price, profits can be achieved and how much they can be achieved will depend on the specific conditions of supply and demand and market competition. In particular, capital goods of retrieval from the industry capital movement become the commercial capital, specific implementation of commodity value and surplus value function, and accordingly obtain business profits, make the relationship more complicated and more likely to cause mystification. In the process of circulation, some factors restricting the production process, or with, or to the conflict between capital and labor, into between capital and capital, pure relationship between buyers and sellers, and so on, all this will cover the production process with the difference between the circulation process, it is easier to put the cost price as the intrinsic value of the real goods, consider profit higher than the result of the sale of commodity value, the surplus value and commodity value contained in the implementation, in the process of circulation has been reversed expression is created from the sale. Because, the original business profits are exploited by industrial capital in the process of production to the part of the surplus value of transformation of form, but is considered in the process of circulation through the buy low sell high, produce, or paid by consumers upon. And class relations are distorted, business profits are reflect the commercial capitalist through industrial capitalists to hire laborers, the relationship between exploitation and exploitation were buried, and distortion of between capitalist and capitalist and capitalist with pure commodity trading relationship between the consumers.