art conservation programs Paintings and Egyptian sculptures seen in tombs declare that the majority of the musicians were female. These female groups would frequently perform at banquets and festivities often combined with dancers. The instruments almost daily included flutes, drums, lyres, harps and lutes. Egyptian statues depict Hathor, the goddess of music, holding a rattle-like instrument referred to as the sistrum. Those who worshipped Hathor were frequently treated to performances by female musicians at the temple.