profit and fund Activity-based costing (ABC) is an efficient management technique for assigning and governing the overhead costs. Overhead expense analysis and assignment can be produced more accurate through the use of ABC processes for a wide range of products, for product expenses and profitability analysis as well as for appropriate distribution and control over the overheads. Modern economy, the interest rate as the price of money, not only restricted by many factors in the economic and social, and changes in interest rates to have a great impact on the economy as a whole, as a result, modern economists are studying the interest rate decision problem, pay special attention to the relationship between the variables and the balance of the economy as a whole, the interest rate decision theory has experienced the classical interest rate theory, Keynes's interest theory, interest rate in loanable funds theory and is-lm analysis as well as the contemporary evolution of dynamic interest rate model, the development process. The Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy sponsored award is one of the most competitive categories in the Trade Association Forum’s annual awards. It recognises a successful initiative, by a trade association, to tackle an important issue that will drive the future prosperity and growth of its members. Quality control indicators include: gasoline antiknock property (research octane number, motor octane number, antiknock index), sulfur content, vapor pressure, contents of olefins, aromatics, benzene content, corrosion, distillation range, etc. In January 2014, the national general motors (gm) IV standard was used. The state administration of quality supervision and inspection and the national standards commission issued the mandatory national standards for motor vehicles in phase V. The plan is to be implemented at the end of 2016. The sulfur content is the most critical environmental protection indicator in vehicle gasoline. In order to further reduce the emission of vehicle pollutants, the national V standard lowers the sulfur content limit from 50ppm in the fourth stage to 10ppm, which is 80% lower. Manganese has the potential risk to human health, and the vehicle emission control system will also have adverse effects. According to the principle of prevention, the limit value of the manganese content indicator is reduced from 8mg/L in the fourth stage to 2mg/L, which stipulates that no artificial addition is allowed. In order to further reduce the photochemical pollution caused by the evaporation of gasoline, and reduce the gas intake system of the automobile engine, the national five standard reduced the level of olefin from 28% to 24% in the fourth stage. Due to the decrease of octane number caused by the reduction of sulfur and manganese, the number of gasoline used in phase V was adjusted from 90, 93 and 97 to 89, 92 and 95 respectively. At the same time, considering the development trend of the automobile industry, the index requirements of motor gasoline are added in the standard appendices. The international monetary fund (IMF) being worried, said discuss decomposition "disorderly exit may lead to the European Union, asset prices fall sharply", and is yet to be completed task list "is very long, so the time is ambitious". Tax on the transfer of stamp duty equity. Equity transfer are two situations: one is in Shanghai and shenzhen stock exchange trading or managed enterprise equity transfer, the transfer shall be in accordance with the securities (stocks) stamp duty tax rate of 3 ‰ securities (stocks) stamp duty. The second is the transfer of equity in an enterprise which is not traded on the Shanghai or shenzhen stock exchange or in custody. The transfer shall be held on September 18, 1991 Passenger car: in its design and technical features, it is mainly used to carry passengers and their carry-on luggage and (or) temporary items, including the driver's seat, not more than 9 seats. It can also draw a trailer. Classified into ordinary passenger cars, live senior passenger cars, passenger cars, small passenger car, convertible, warehouse back passenger car, station wagon, multipurpose passenger vehicles, short head special passenger cars, cross-country passenger cars and passenger cars, etc. 11 class.