profit and loss examples
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profit and loss examples

3. The role of securities investment The conversion of commodity value into cost price + profit (k+p) includes the possibility of deviation from the residual value. Because profits for more than the balance of cost price, and the cost price is less than the goods value, it provides the individual capitalists in cost price above and below the value of the possibility of selling goods, so that to achieve the profit with the goods actually contains surplus value does not agree in number. The capitalist makes use of the difference between the value of the commodity and the cost price, as a driving force in the market competition. As the competition between different production department and the free flow of capital, make different special margin balance into average profit margins or average profit margins, so that the profits further into average profit, realize the amount of capital to achieve the same amount of profit. In the usual case, the average profit and the surplus value are inconsistent in quantity. The average profit is proportionately proportional to the total amount of capital in advance and not the amount of live labor that is governed by individual capital. This and make an objective truth, essentially profits is the product of capital, it is nothing to do with labor, in this way, capital on the relationship between the wage labor to make money and to be make, will be further. This is one of several economic forecasters who will suffer a downturn if voters leave the eu. 2. Accounting earnings are based on the assumption of accounting instalments, which refers to the production and operation results of a certain period of time. Early accounting earnings is calculated according to the cash basis, and the modern accounting earnings is according to the classification current income and expenses of accrual basis, after the appropriate ratio calculated. However, the benefits of cash determination are more acceptable to users. 3. Modern enterprise period