profit and loss items Activity-based costing (ABC) is an effective management technique for assigning and manipulating the overhead costs. Overhead expense analysis and assignment can be achieved more accurate by utilizing ABC methods for a variety of products, for product expenses and profitability analysis and for appropriate distribution and control over the overheads. Under the conditions of open economy, the scale of international capital flows is huge, which greatly exceeds international trade volume, indicating the great development of financial globalization. The impact of interest-rate differentials on exchange rate movements is more important than in the past. When a country tightening credit, interest rates will rise, character formed in the international market interest rate difference, will cause the short-term funds internationally mobile, capital generally always is flowing from countries with low interest rates to countries with high interest rates. Emotional checking account is divided into two: The emotional deposits along with the withdrawals. Emotional deposits means comprehending the person, being kind and forgiving, and being true to your word. Emotional withdrawal conversely could be the complete opposite of everything I pointed out; being disrespectful, rude and hold grudges, without commitment in any way. To do this, monetary and fiscal policymakers must work together, including letting the central bank liquidate its budget deficit in extreme circumstances. But central bank independence is an obstacle, not a help, in working with the financial sector. When IHS Markit produced a euro-area purchasing managers index of 58, more than most economists had forecast, it was at its highest level since February 2011. Any score above 50 indicates growth. Is one of the more common usage refers to various enterprises independent, non-profit organization (can be legal person, also can not), and can be further divided into companies and enterprises, the latter such as partnerships, sole proprietorship enterprise, individual industrial and commercial households, etc.