how to start a non profit dog rescue HM, Liverpool Is one of the more common usage refers to various enterprises independent, non-profit organization (can be legal person, also can not), and can be further divided into companies and enterprises, the latter such as partnerships, sole proprietorship enterprise, individual industrial and commercial households, etc. 3. The cost of accounting earnings is listed in historical cost. Due to the current accounting practice in the enterprise asset is measured at the historical cost in, with the cost nature is the historical cost has been derived from the law of the transfer, so as to determine the income is an important factor in the cost and the historical cost. Any transaction can be seen as a contract between the two parties. The so-called transaction cost can be seen as the cost of the transaction contract. According to Mr Coase and others, a type of transaction costs arise from the accidental factors that occur when a deal is signed. These incidental factors may not be written into the contract due to the fact that they could not be foreseen in advance, or although they could be foreseen, they could not be written into the contract due to too many factors. Another type of transaction costs is the signing of contracts and the cost of monitoring and enforcing contracts.