blue cross blue shield profits Financial staff are used to dividing the investment payback period into long-term, intermediate and short-term periods. The term usually refers to more than five years, short term generally refers to a period of less than one year, and the middle term is somewhere in between. Managers also use long, medium and short term to describe the plan. Long-term plan describes the organization in a quite long period (usually more than 5 years) and the development direction of policy, regulation on the group's various departments over a longer period of time in some activities should reach the goal and requirements, mapped the organization long-term development blueprint. Short-term plans specifically provides for all departments of an organization in the current stage, to the future the shorter period especially in the recent period of time, which should be engaged in activities, engaged in such activities should meet the requirement, and thus provides a basis for the ACTS of all members of the organization. Read, and strive to let the car can satisfy various age, all kinds of class from the appearance, even the different needs of various cultural background, make cars become true science and art of combining the best image, finally to achieve the most perfect state. There is no ambiguity in the objective of the concrete plan. For example, business sales managers intend to increase sales by 15 percent over the next six months, and he will formulate specific procedures, budget plans, and schedule schedules, which is the concrete plan. Guideline plans only some general guidelines and action principle, favors the actors free disposition, it points out that the key but don't limit actors on the specific target or specific action plan. For example, a specific plan to increase sales may require a 15 per cent increase in sales over the next six months, while a guidance plan may limit sales by 12 to 16 per cent over the next six months. Compared with the guidance plan, the concrete plan is easier to carry out, assess and control, but lacks the flexibility, and its requirements for clarity and predictability are often difficult to satisfy. ^ h h, however, interest rates are still significantly lower than in November 2015, when an average of 2.62 PC. 4. Universality. The actual planning involves each manager and employee in the organization, an organization's overall goal is determined, managers at all levels in order to achieve the organizational goals, make the level of organizational work smoothly, all need to make a plan. Any transaction can be seen as a contract between the two parties. The so-called transaction cost can be seen as the cost of the transaction contract. According to Mr Coase and others, a type of transaction costs arise from the accidental factors that occur when a deal is signed. These incidental factors may not be written into the contract due to the fact that they could not be foreseen in advance, or although they could be foreseen, they could not be written into the contract due to too many factors. Another type of transaction costs is the signing of contracts and the cost of monitoring and enforcing contracts.