profit and loss projections Famous British economist hicks and others argue that the above theory did not consider the factor of income, and therefore unable to determine the level of interest rates, in 1937, and puts forward the is-lm model on the basis of general equilibrium theory. It establishes a theory of interest rates and income at the same time that the four factors of savings and investment, money supply and monetary demand interact. The investment quantity is the decreasing function of interest rate, saving is the increment function of interest rate, and the change of interest rate depends on the equilibrium point of investment quantity and saving amount. Keynes's theory of money supply and demand decided that interest rates were a monetary factor rather than an actual factor. We are in an era of economic, political, technological, social change and development. In this era, change and development bring both opportunities and risks to people, especially in the competition for market, resources and spheres of influence. If managers in seize opportunities and take advantage of opportunities at the same time, and to minimize risk, that is on the way forward towards the goals set up a bridge of convenient and secure, so organizations can be in an impregnable position, in the opportunities and risks of the vertical and horizontal choice, get survival and development. If you don't plan, or have no plans at all, you'll have disastrous consequences. 2. Leakage of gasoline pipe interface Quality control indicators include: gasoline antiknock property (research octane number, motor octane number, antiknock index), sulfur content, vapor pressure, contents of olefins, aromatics, benzene content, corrosion, distillation range, etc. In January 2014, the national general motors (gm) IV standard was used. The state administration of quality supervision and inspection and the national standards commission issued the mandatory national standards for motor vehicles in phase V. The plan is to be implemented at the end of 2016. The sulfur content is the most critical environmental protection indicator in vehicle gasoline. In order to further reduce the emission of vehicle pollutants, the national V standard lowers the sulfur content limit from 50ppm in the fourth stage to 10ppm, which is 80% lower. Manganese has the potential risk to human health, and the vehicle emission control system will also have adverse effects. According to the principle of prevention, the limit value of the manganese content indicator is reduced from 8mg/L in the fourth stage to 2mg/L, which stipulates that no artificial addition is allowed. In order to further reduce the photochemical pollution caused by the evaporation of gasoline, and reduce the gas intake system of the automobile engine, the national five standard reduced the level of olefin from 28% to 24% in the fourth stage. Due to the decrease of octane number caused by the reduction of sulfur and manganese, the number of gasoline used in phase V was adjusted from 90, 93 and 97 to 89, 92 and 95 respectively. At the same time, considering the development trend of the automobile industry, the index requirements of motor gasoline are added in the standard appendices. Now, however, that wisdom is being questioned, not just in Britain. As long as inflation is a real and present danger, it makes sense to put monetary policy down to the conservative central bankers and keep them from the government's fiscal deficit. Instead, the problem today is the opposite: that the central bank cannot raise inflation to its target.