discounted profitability index The company's chief executive and chairman Venkat Meenavalli media interview said: "the ultra high current market valuation is not reasonable and not real, we put the ipo pricing valuation for $5 is a very good description." But he emphasised: "we are a profitable company that has nothing to do with the current digital currency frenzy. Longfin has grown at a rapid rate of 200 per cent over the past six months and earned a profit of $28m. These managerial accounting questions relate with effective cost assignment and optimal cash strategy tricks of a company enterprise-the appropriate mix of costs management strategies that maximizes the return on your investment and shareholders' wealth while minimizing the expense of operations, simultaneously. Marx's interest rate determinism is based on the source and essence of interest. Marx reveals that interest is a portion of the surplus that the capitalist who lends capital is divided from the capitalist who borrows the capital, and the profit is the transformation form of the surplus value. The Resolution Foundation said the loss of pay across all sectors took the average loss for each of the UK’s 800,000 agency workers to £500 a year, up from £430 last year.