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501c non profit

Quality control indicators include: gasoline antiknock property (research octane number, motor octane number, antiknock index), sulfur content, vapor pressure, contents of olefins, aromatics, benzene content, corrosion, distillation range, etc. In January 2014, the national general motors (gm) IV standard was used. The state administration of quality supervision and inspection and the national standards commission issued the mandatory national standards for motor vehicles in phase V. The plan is to be implemented at the end of 2016. The sulfur content is the most critical environmental protection indicator in vehicle gasoline. In order to further reduce the emission of vehicle pollutants, the national V standard lowers the sulfur content limit from 50ppm in the fourth stage to 10ppm, which is 80% lower. Manganese has the potential risk to human health, and the vehicle emission control system will also have adverse effects. According to the principle of prevention, the limit value of the manganese content indicator is reduced from 8mg/L in the fourth stage to 2mg/L, which stipulates that no artificial addition is allowed. In order to further reduce the photochemical pollution caused by the evaporation of gasoline, and reduce the gas intake system of the automobile engine, the national five standard reduced the level of olefin from 28% to 24% in the fourth stage. Due to the decrease of octane number caused by the reduction of sulfur and manganese, the number of gasoline used in phase V was adjusted from 90, 93 and 97 to 89, 92 and 95 respectively. At the same time, considering the development trend of the automobile industry, the index requirements of motor gasoline are added in the standard appendices. (3) monetary benefits -- increase the monetary value of assets. There are both measurable and unquantifiable benefits in these three different forms of income. Among them: mental income is too strong to measure, monetary gain is easy to measure because of the static concept of value change. Economists, therefore, focus only on actual earnings. Torque is the force that causes the object to rotate. Engine torque refers to the moment when the engine outputs from the crankshaft. It is inversely proportional to the engine speed under the condition of fixed power, and the faster the torque is smaller, the larger it is, which reflects the load capacity of the car in a certain range. The essence of economic value is human labor in the process of human economic products and relations. The value of the use value of creating products and the labor value of creating production relationship. The value concept in "das kapital" refers to exchange value, which is the essence of capital relations. Can't be replaced by local value In order to overcome the rear overreach of the ship's car, a strong air eddy effect was created when the car was traveling at high speed, and people developed fish shaped cars like the back of a fish. In 1952, general motors' buick sedan ushered in the era of fish cars. In terms of the shape of the car's back, a fish-type car is similar to a beetle. But as observed carefully, will find fish type car back and ground into the Angle is small, the tail is longer, around the body of the air flow is relatively easier, so vortex flow resistance is also relatively small. Wedge car