non profit internships abroad First of all, it costs transaction cost for the manufacturer to purchase intermediate products in the market. It includes the cost of seeking suitable suppliers, signing contracts and supervising contract execution. If the manufacturer can produce some intermediate products within the enterprise itself, it can eliminate or reduce some transaction costs, and can better guarantee the quality of the products. Second, if the manufacturers need is a special type of specialized equipment, the supplier does not generally willing to specialize in only a buyer of the product of the investment and production, because this kind of proprietary investment risk is bigger. Therefore, vendors that need this specialized device need to solve the problem of specialized devices within the enterprise. In the end, the manufacturers hire employees with specialized skills, such as specialized product design, cost management, and quality control, and establish long-term contractual relationships with them. This can be more beneficial than buying the corresponding services from other vendors, thereby eliminating or reducing the corresponding transaction costs. Palmer said: "I'm worried about the British retailers are now in the midst of a perfect storm, interest rate decisions in November, rising inflation, real wages, falling credit availability and the UK to take off the European uncertainty increased, these during the Christmas season for caused an unprecedented pressure on household budgets, pushed consumer confidence to historic lows. "Historically, the concept of income has first appeared in economics. Adam Smith, in the wealth of nations, defined income as "the amount of consumption that is not eroded by capital", and saw it as an increase in wealth. Later, most economists inherited and developed this view. 1890, ai (Alfred Marshall Maarshell) in its "the principles of economics," the Adam Smith's "wealth increase" enterprise, introduced the concept of earnings, is proposed to distinguish the entity capital and value-added benefits of economic benefits. The withdrawal of shares shall include the two kinds of compensation for recovery and compensation. Free withdrawal refers to the return of shares that have been allocated for free. For example, shareholders voluntarily pay back their allocated shares voluntarily. "Buy" or "buy back" means a limited company shall buy back its shares from its shareholders at a certain price. The company's reduced corporate capital could affect the price of its shares in the market. Therefore, article 143 of the company law stipulates that the company shall not acquire shares in the company. However, the following situations are excluded: (1) reducing the company's registered capital; (2) merger with other companies holding shares of the company; (3) reward the employees of the company; (4) shareholders who have objected to the merger and separation of the company made by the shareholders' general meeting require the company to acquire its shares. Company for reduce the company's registered capital, and hold the company shares of other companies mergers and shares will be awarded to the company worker of acquisition, the company's share capital shall be subject to the resolution of the shareholders' general meeting. After acquiring the shares of the company, the company shall cancel the registered capital of the company within 10 days from the date of the acquisition; Belong to a merger with hold shares in other companies the company and the shareholders for the company merger, division of resolutions of the shareholders' general meeting to dissent, requiring companies to buy the shares, shall transfer or cancellation within 6 months. The company shall not exceed 5% of the total amount of the shares issued by the company for the company's purchase of the shares of the company by awarding the shares to its employees; As regards the financing source of the acquisition, the expenses shall be paid from the after-tax profits of the company; The shares acquired by the company shall be transferred to the staff within one year. In 2017, the blockchain enters the public eye through bifurcation, CryptoKitties and ICO. Driven by investment opportunities and media attention, traditional businesses and consumers have begun to focus on the cryptocurrency and its underlying blockchain technology. Second, in the first half of this year, the bank's personal demand deposits and currency in circulation fell by more than 3 trillion yuan, and by the second half of this year, domestic bank deposit growth fell below 10%. In response to the year-end big test, the deposit rate has been raised accordingly. Some state-owned Banks have a one-year deposit rate of 1.75%, which is about 16.7% above the benchmark interest rate. Some state-owned Banks perform 1.5 percent of the benchmark interest rate. 2. Predictability. The plan is made before the action, which aims to achieve the goals of the future, and to accomplish the next tasks and tasks.