high profit small businesses From the total formula of capital, G- w-g, the surplus value is created in the process of direct production, which is also realized in the process of circulation. So, it seems to capitalist surplus value is the proliferation of all capital in advance, because (1) as for the cost of capital, in order to produce goods, he not only to advance capital to buy the Labour force, but also bought consumed in the process of production of a variety of means of production, these fees by capital purchase price as a factor of production to join the formation of the cost price; (2) in terms of the capital, capital purchased in advance of production and labor under the direction and supervision of the capitalists, in the process of production, play the function of the production of surplus value, not only the cost of capital is involved in the formation of the surplus value, and all the upfront capital as the material factors of production (including those not yet take fixed capital), in the whole process of production, to participate in the formation process of the surplus value, therefore, all the capital should be paid in advance. The residual value is not only the increase of the capital, but also the total capital increase. These are all distorted surface phenomena. In fact, the value of proliferation is just hired laborers in the process of production created the new value of the cost of living, the balance after deduct the labor price (wages), as the proliferation of alterable capital or hire workers free of charge for the rest of the product of Labour, is surplus value. The surplus value, as a product of the concept of total prepaid capital, is the transformation form of profit. International online report (guo hao, China Radio International) : when it comes to South American wine, the first thing that comes to mind is the export of wine from Chile to Argentina. But in recent years, wine from the mountains of south Rio grande, southern Brazil, has been rising to prominence in the international wine market because of its crisp taste and high "cost performance". And China, a big consumer of wine, is a "key target" for Brazilian vintners. In the past year, Brazil has exported nearly 200,000 bottles of wine to China, and some Brazilian wineries have set up shop in China and even opened online stores. Brazilian red wine is quietly entering the Chinese people's table. What the central bank can do to prevent the threat to its independence becomes more transparent. They can announce the votes of individual board members on all matters related to the policy and publish the minutes without delay. They can hold more press conferences and be less trite in explaining their policies. They can avoid debate on issues far from their task. They can admit that politicians have a right to determine the central bank's mission objectives. Value is the core concept that defines the existence of human beings. It is the essence of human existence and development. All human emancipation behavior, namely the essential rule (humanity) for the creation of the self and to create and eventually reached for the essence of the law in order to maintain and development of a simple statement is all human practice is for maintaining and developing the essence of self, all value form from the category, cannot be separated from this category. Values in many areas have specific forms, such as social value, personal value, economic value, legal value, etc. The existence of these values is the essential nature of the category of human beings in different fields. At the same time, because there are some conceptualized maintenance and development of human thought there is no actual physical force, such value is defined separately as nominal value.