define retained profit Keynes argued that savings and investment were two interdependent variables, not two independent variables. Interest rates in different countries have different connotations. In China, interest rates typically refer to bank interest rates, further pointing to the pboc's benchmark deposit and lending rates. In the United States, mainly refers to the bond market interest rates, the fed adjustment of benchmark interest rate, also not have mandatory administrative benchmark interest rates, but through open market operations after determine its rate for overnight loans between Banks. t is more difficult to improve ability than to master knowledge. Profitability is dependent on ability, not knowledge, so you should understand why I say the ability to learn is the equivalent of trading profit. Ability can be divided into: the ability of market analysis, understanding of market performance ability, ability to sense the state of the market, the impact factors of market leading identification ability, reading ability in the subject matter of the charts, operation planning skills, and ability to execute. Any knowledge can be translated into its own ability only through its own concrete practice. At this stage, it is important to remain open and objective, and that is the principle that you can continue to learn and progress. The futures market moves forward through breaking rules rather than building market rules. This is an important feature of futures markets that are different from other markets. The futures market can only develop by maintaining uncertainty, rather than forming operation rules. Futures market is one of the most interesting feature is: the same information or trading tools on people who have different produce strange reaction, the same information or tools do not have uniqueness and correctness or authority, so, for trading, understanding of information and trading tool use is more important than the master information and tools themselves. Having a large amount of information and buying a large number of trading models will not help your analysis and trading profitability. The key is to see your understanding and application skills.