net operating profit before tax The importance of gasoline was not recognized in the 19th century, when it was used in a great deal of kerosene. The oil refining then relied on simple distillation processes to separate the different components of the oil from the boiling point. The boiling point of the kerosene component is higher, and the use of safety when lighting lamps becomes the main product of crude oil refining, while gasoline and other components are often burned as fuel. By the mid - to late 19th century, the successful use of gasoline engines in 1886, in 1886, the gasoline engine was successfully used as a driving force, thus the importance of gasoline increased. But using distillation, only 20% of the gasoline can be extracted from crude oil. In 1911, the standard oil company have solved the problem of low gasoline yield, by William burton and Robert hamm forest thermal cracking process of the invention, the heavy quality heating gas oil cracking of light gasoline fractions, such as to overall improve the gasoline yield, thermal cracking process in 1913 won the patent license in the United States. The subsequent catalytic cracking process has further improved the gasoline yield and octane value. Consumption is up 3.1 per cent, according to mastercard, but online retailers are experiencing the best performance of the sales growth, up 12 per cent year on year. Although the supermarket's busiest day is expected to be Friday, card operators have found that spending on groceries has fallen by 0.1% so far. Poorly engineered activities confuse strong competitiveness with overt aggression. This should stop the goal of team development activities. A cohesive team that will work successfully together does not need aggression to achieve its goals. Such activities could be demeaning to folks who are often made to compete in a level that is largely meaningless inside the place of work.