grants for non profit Torque is the force that causes the object to rotate. Engine torque refers to the moment when the engine outputs from the crankshaft. It is inversely proportional to the engine speed under the condition of fixed power, and the faster the torque is smaller, the larger it is, which reflects the load capacity of the car in a certain range. Philip Hammond has been trying to persuade conservatives that tax increases and spending cuts are needed to reduce the deficit. (1) spiritual gain -- spiritual satisfaction; Frances O 'grady, chief secretary of the UK federation of industry and industry, said: "this suggests that brexit uncertainty has damaged the household budget. Work and living standards must be a priority in determining the best choice for brexit. The government should maintain a single market membership at the negotiating table. " (3) monetary benefits -- increase the monetary value of assets. There are both measurable and unquantifiable benefits in these three different forms of income. Among them: mental income is too strong to measure, monetary gain is easy to measure because of the static concept of value change. Economists, therefore, focus only on actual earnings.