the profitable art of service recovery From the total formula of capital, G- w-g, the surplus value is created in the process of direct production, which is also realized in the process of circulation. So, it seems to capitalist surplus value is the proliferation of all capital in advance, because (1) as for the cost of capital, in order to produce goods, he not only to advance capital to buy the Labour force, but also bought consumed in the process of production of a variety of means of production, these fees by capital purchase price as a factor of production to join the formation of the cost price; (2) in terms of the capital, capital purchased in advance of production and labor under the direction and supervision of the capitalists, in the process of production, play the function of the production of surplus value, not only the cost of capital is involved in the formation of the surplus value, and all the upfront capital as the material factors of production (including those not yet take fixed capital), in the whole process of production, to participate in the formation process of the surplus value, therefore, all the capital should be paid in advance. The residual value is not only the increase of the capital, but also the total capital increase. These are all distorted surface phenomena. In fact, the value of proliferation is just hired laborers in the process of production created the new value of the cost of living, the balance after deduct the labor price (wages), as the proliferation of alterable capital or hire workers free of charge for the rest of the product of Labour, is surplus value. The surplus value, as a product of the concept of total prepaid capital, is the transformation form of profit. George Goncalves, head of us interest rate strategy at nomura, argues that this could be the start of a bigger sell-off, largely depending on whether the us tax reform will eventually be approved. The bond market has been sceptical about the prospect of approval. On the basis of introducing marginal concepts and mathematical argumentation, neoclassical has established a formal "perfect" mathematical model for the neoclassical "laissez-faire order" : general equilibrium. The price is the most important independent variable in this model, which can also be called price mechanism. The process of achieving general equilibrium is also a process of social resources guiding the flow of prices, so the price mechanism regulates the allocation of social resources. In 1946, the famous British economist J.R. hicks, in value and capital, developed the concept of income into a general concept of economic gain. He argues that the real purpose of computing revenues is to make people aware of the amount of money they can spend without making them poorer. Accordingly, he gave a generally accepted definition of "the maximum amount of consumption that a person can spend at the end of the term, at the same level of prosperity". Hicks's definition, though primarily for personal gain, applies to businesses as well. In the case of the enterprise, according to this definition, the enterprise income can be understood as the maximum amount that can be allocated in the enterprise cost accounting period under the same amount of capital at the end of the term and the beginning of the period. “Historically, reducing emissions has simply meant financial penalties for industry – which creates conflict between government and business. But British Glass firmly believed that sectors which took advantage of this opportunity to influence government strategy stood to reduce costs, develop resilience on energy pricing and gain a competitive edge over businesses that didn’t become green economy leaders. The important thing to keep in mind when being sued by charge card company or junk debt buyers is that if they don't have proof that would otherwise prove how the debt is yours, they do not have a very case. For junk debt buyers, you're in luck since these agencies would not have the essential documents that would prove you have the debt, being a signed contract between you and the original creditor, because these documents aren't released with the original creditor.