supernormal profit in perfect competition Investment in securities is conducive to adjusting capital investment and improving the efficiency of capital use, thus guiding the rational flow of resources and realizing optimal allocation of resources. Suppose a speculator decides to enter the foreign exchange futures market. He is going to take out $10,000 to speculate. He selected the broker bank and registered representative, opened an account, and deposited the money. To be on the safe side, he decided to do sterling business first and then gain some experience before entering other markets. (2) actual income -- the increase of material wealth; Canning's 1929 book, economics in accounting, cites the economist's view that asset values are determined by the present value of the future cash flows of assets. On the other hand, if investors think that inflation will worsen or worsen, interest rates may rise to curb inflation, and bond prices will fall. First half of the 1980 s, the United States there is a lot of huge budget deficit and trade deficit, the dollar remains strong, is the United States adopted a policy of high interest rates, which makes a lot of capital from Japan and Western Europe into the results of the United States. The trend of the dollar has been greatly influenced by interest rate factors. Interest rate decision theory 1. The accounting income is based on the actual economic business of the enterprise, and the sales revenue obtained from selling products or providing services is deducted from the cost of actual sales revenue. These economic businesses include both external and internal transactions. Business activities with the outside world transfer the assets or liabilities of an enterprise, since it is usually a direct monetary income, so its measurement is generally accurate. The use or transfer of assets within an enterprise, as a result of a non-direct monetary balance, is usually not accurate. According to traditional accounting views, changes in market prices or expected prices are not included in the transfer of internal assets. When a transaction occurs, the price of an old asset is usually transferred to the new asset, which is the measurement of the proceeds of the transaction. The transaction method automatically deduces the process of determining income during sales or trading, as well as the cost transfer practice in accounting.