what is exceptional items on profit and loss account Economist lynde hull explained that the benefits of capital in different periods of time would be interest. According to linde hull, interest in a specific period and the difference between the expected consumption is savings (during the period of the growth of capital), and returns the sum of consumption and savings are given period of time. Mehrotra said: "historically, Micron in 3 d XPoint efforts focus on technology development and early stage, but because we are paying more and more attention to high value product solutions, we recently sent a team of product development resources, taking advantage of the opportunity of our eyes." But since the company is listed through the A+ rule (Regulation A +), the information disclosed is extremely limited. So-called A + rules, from April 2012, then President barack Obama signed A jobs bill, the bill is put forward to encourage startups getting broader capital channel, including the raise and the public markets. Independence is more difficult in an age when cross-border spillovers of national monetary policy become powerful. These spillover effects make central Banks consider the impact of their policies on foreign and global systems. But it is difficult to pursue global goals when the central bank operates under the narrow, centralized mandate of its independence, and is close to impossible. Financial staff are used to dividing the investment payback period into long-term, intermediate and short-term periods. The term usually refers to more than five years, short term generally refers to a period of less than one year, and the middle term is somewhere in between. Managers also use long, medium and short term to describe the plan. Long-term plan describes the organization in a quite long period (usually more than 5 years) and the development direction of policy, regulation on the group's various departments over a longer period of time in some activities should reach the goal and requirements, mapped the organization long-term development blueprint. Short-term plans specifically provides for all departments of an organization in the current stage, to the future the shorter period especially in the recent period of time, which should be engaged in activities, engaged in such activities should meet the requirement, and thus provides a basis for the ACTS of all members of the organization. Full market competition will make economic activity full of vigor and vitality.