credit union non profit Based on the above two kinds of comparison and analysis of the concept of earnings, reveals the inadequacy of accounting earnings, i.e., the accounting income does not take into account inflation, the production gains, goodwill to improve the impact of changes and their value, and can be found on only the pursuit of reliability, and can be measured, which affect the enterprise's profit ability and continuous operation ability. Accounting, since the 1950 s began to pay attention to absorb the income concept of some reasonable kernel of economics, the concept of modern accounting theory of income in the income concept of economics. Famous British economist hicks and others argue that the above theory did not consider the factor of income, and therefore unable to determine the level of interest rates, in 1937, and puts forward the is-lm model on the basis of general equilibrium theory. It establishes a theory of interest rates and income at the same time that the four factors of savings and investment, money supply and monetary demand interact. Interest rates have a very important impact on the exchange rate, which is the most important factor affecting the exchange rate. We know that the exchange rate is the relative price between the two countries' currencies. Like other commodity pricing mechanisms, it is determined by the supply and demand relationship in the foreign exchange market. Foreign exchange is a kind of financial asset, which people hold because it can bring the benefits of capital. “Our entry for this award is a thank you to them for their vision and willingness to do things differently. It’s also a thank you to BEIS for the courage and far-sightedness they have shown in working constructively with industry to fit their approach to the needs and circumstances of UK manufacturing.” In the late 19th and early 20th century, with the transition from free capitalism to monopoly capitalism, the factory itself had undergone complex and profound changes. Constantly adopt new technology to make the production rapid development; The scale of production keeps expanding, competition intensifies, and a large-scale monopoly enterprise is produced. The separation of rights and ownership and the formation of a professional management stratum; The scientific management system has been established, and a series of scientific management theories have been formed to make the enterprises mature and become modern enterprises. The American petroleum institute (API) released data showing a decline in U.S. crude oil and refined refining inventories, while gasoline inventories rose.