mcdonalds annual profits In 1946, the famous British economist J.R. hicks, in value and capital, developed the concept of income into a general concept of economic gain. He argues that the real purpose of computing revenues is to make people aware of the amount of money they can spend without making them poorer. Accordingly, he gave a generally accepted definition of "the maximum amount of consumption that a person can spend at the end of the term, at the same level of prosperity". Hicks's definition, though primarily for personal gain, applies to businesses as well. In the case of the enterprise, according to this definition, the enterprise income can be understood as the maximum amount that can be allocated in the enterprise cost accounting period under the same amount of capital at the end of the term and the beginning of the period. (3) according to the state administration of taxation on implementing the < enterprise accounting system > need clear notice on the problem of income tax (no. 45 (2003) of the state administration of taxation), specified in article 3 of the enterprises have been extracted impairment, price or the assets of the provision for bad debts, if the ready to declare the modulated taxable income, transfer related to the disposal of related assets and written off, should be allowed to make the opposite pay taxes is adjusted. Therefore, the enterprise liquidation or transfer unit (or a subsidiary of independent accounting) all of the equity, be liquidated or transfer of enterprise should according to the past has sterilized and increase taxable income of the provision for bad debts such as the amount of asset impairment provision, the corresponding scale down taxable income, increase the undistributed profit, assignor (or investor) share the right What the central bank can do to prevent the threat to its independence becomes more transparent. They can announce the votes of individual board members on all matters related to the policy and publish the minutes without delay. They can hold more press conferences and be less trite in explaining their policies. They can avoid debate on issues far from their task. They can admit that politicians have a right to determine the central bank's mission objectives. The new Surface Pro(2017) accounts for 9.2%, roughly the total of the Surface Book(7.5%) and the Surface Laptop (2.0%). Propagating the value proposition of the public chain to new participants - redefining "profit" to cover economic and social value.