operating profit margin ratio formula Advertisement To read more 5. Accounting earnings depend on the reasonable proportion of income and expenses during the period. Costs that are not associated with the current period should be incurred as assets to be transferred for later periods. In general, us interest rates fall and the dollar weakens. Us interest rates rise and dollar trends favour. A change in the price of U.S. Treasury bills, especially long-term Treasury bills, can help to predict the direction of the U.S. dollar. If investors think the us inflation is under the control, then under the existing Treasury bonds interest rate to attract, especially short-term Treasury bills, will attract investors, bond prices to rise. Accounting earnings include only realized gains, and exclude unrealized gains and losses, the economic benefits will be enterprise's operating earnings and are favorable to the same treatment, regardless of whether they have been implemented. Thus, in general, accounting gains are less than economic gains, and the difference is mainly in the interest.