nh non profit organizations previously warned: "positions are too crowded to cause some pain." Although an enterprise's internal trade fair eliminates or reduces some of the market transaction costs, it also brings with it the specific transaction costs of the enterprise. The main reason for this defect is also the incompleteness of information. Specifically, first, there are various contractual relationships among enterprises, including contractual relationship between enterprises and workers, contractual relationship between enterprises and managers, etc. The enterprise should supervise the work of the workers and products that it employs, as well as the managers and other personnel, and induces them to work hard for the enterprise. So, companies are signing contracts and spending on oversight and incentives. Secondly, on the one hand, corporate decision makers often need to obtain information from subordinates. On the other hand, the decision-making information of the upper level of the enterprise should be realized by passing it to the subordinate. The information transmission of these two different directions will be distorted by the increase of subordination of enterprise scale, resulting in the loss of enterprise efficiency. Once again, the subordinate of the enterprise often conceals or passes the wrong information to the superior for selfish motives, so that the superior can make decisions that benefit the subordinate. Or, the subordinate's decision to the superior only passes or executes the part that is advantageous to oneself. These will result in the loss of enterprise efficiency. Thus, the expansion of enterprises is limited. According to coase's theory, the scale of the enterprise should be expanded to this point, that is at this point to increase the cost of an internal exchange cost equals the cost through the market exchange cost and so on. First of all, it costs transaction cost for the manufacturer to purchase intermediate products in the market. It includes the cost of seeking suitable suppliers, signing contracts and supervising contract execution. If the manufacturer can produce some intermediate products within the enterprise itself, it can eliminate or reduce some transaction costs, and can better guarantee the quality of the products. Second, if the manufacturers need is a special type of specialized equipment, the supplier does not generally willing to specialize in only a buyer of the product of the investment and production, because this kind of proprietary investment risk is bigger. Therefore, vendors that need this specialized device need to solve the problem of specialized devices within the enterprise. In the end, the manufacturers hire employees with specialized skills, such as specialized product design, cost management, and quality control, and establish long-term contractual relationships with them. This can be more beneficial than buying the corresponding services from other vendors, thereby eliminating or reducing the corresponding transaction costs. Hawaiian Tourist Relay Race. This game has several variations nevertheless the general gist is coordinating a typical relay race where each team member runs to a point (where there's a suitcase, duffle bag, something that could hold clothes and says 'travel'), eliminates a write-up of clothing (or several), puts every one of them on, receives a nod from your referee, then takes those items off and runs returning to tag the subsequent runner in their team. For your Hawaiian event, put different kinds of beach components of a suitcase (taking place vacation) or beach bag. Possible items would include nose block, sunglasses, sun hat, swim shorts, sandals, pooka shell necklace (this is very tough to place on a lot more a hurry?that dumb clasp), etc. A popular variation for this would be to have each team form a line. The first person is to put all those things on, obtain a nod from a referee, then remove the items handing them to the c's member standing right beside them for he/she in turn to then placed on. This next team member might be putting on those items as the first is removing. However, that second team member cannot start passing his items on until he could be wearing ALL the things the first team member was wearing. THEN and just then can he/she begin removing those items to hand to another person. As a fun note, make those items to place on silly and fun. The theory of modern political economy in China holds that the profit under the socialist system is the form of the value of the surplus products created by the workers for the society. The value composition of the product is c+v+m,c+v is converted into production cost, and the m is part of the surplus product created by the laborer for the society, which translates into profit for the enterprise. The specific form of socialist profit is: to realize profit, that is, the balance of the sales revenue of the enterprise minus the expenses of various expenses; To pay the profits in accordance with the provisions to the national financial department; After tax profit, that is, the profit of the enterprise shall be returned to the enterprise in accordance with the state provisions. Not long ago, U.S. debt long positions were near historic highs. The CFTC's holdings report showed that as of Dec. 12, the 30-year U.S. debt had a net gain of 10.091 million, the highest level since last July.