non profit organizations chicago In finance, investing means buying securities or other financial or paper assets. Valuation is a way to estimate the price of a potential investment. The types of investments include real estate, securities investment, gold, foreign currency, insurance or bonds or stamps. These investments may then provide future cash flows that may increase or decrease their value. The investment in the stock market is carried out by securities investors. This two days of U.S. stocks in the capital market, there was a dark horse, the named Longfin company, in just two days, rose more than 2000%, and due to rise too fast, multiple trigger exchange circuit breakers. It is understood that the company is mainly engaged in the use of artificial intelligence technology to provide financial services. Longfin (NASDAQ: LFIN), which was founded in February, has been trading on the NASDAQ stock exchange since last week at $5 a share, a very young start-up. The marxist theory holds that the profit under the capitalist system is the transformation form or phenomenon of surplus value, which manifests as the balance of commodity value over cost price. That is, the total amount of the proceeds of the sale of the goods by the capitalist exceeds the balance of his prepaid capital. Profit from a home variable capital purchase Labour created in the process of production of surplus value, also is the surplus labor hiring workers create surplus value, can change capital proliferation. But it is manifested in the phenomenon as the capital increase of capital of capital of capital. Followed by Edwards and bear published in his 1961 book "the theory of corporate earnings and measurement of the current operating profit is defined as the sales revenue more than the amount of current production and cost of sales, which can realize the cost savings is in this issue of asset price increases, which can realize the history of the cost savings are the pin commodity costs and the difference between the current purchase price; The realized capital gains are the amount of sales revenue greater than the historical cost when dealing with long-term assets. They argue that "these incremental sums provide investors with a reasonable starting point for measuring the scale of relative affluence and a detailed analysis of the company's operating results and comparable financial conditions". They stress that any full income analysis should take into account both realized and unrealized benefits and classify them by source. When are advantageous to occur, such as no record, will not only lead to current income can't reflect, but also can lead to later to sell assets to income and related costs to wrong ratio; Operating earnings and, on the other hand, the production gains is usually produced by different management decisions, and adopted different circulation form, therefore, make the same comment on both, will weaken the role of the income statement.