profit and loss statement for small business excel The international monetary fund has strongly defended its gloomy forecast of the UK after brexit, saying a warning of a slowdown in growth is imminent. Canning's view First of all, it costs transaction cost for the manufacturer to purchase intermediate products in the market. It includes the cost of seeking suitable suppliers, signing contracts and supervising contract execution. If the manufacturer can produce some intermediate products within the enterprise itself, it can eliminate or reduce some transaction costs, and can better guarantee the quality of the products. Second, if the manufacturers need is a special type of specialized equipment, the supplier does not generally willing to specialize in only a buyer of the product of the investment and production, because this kind of proprietary investment risk is bigger. Therefore, vendors that need this specialized device need to solve the problem of specialized devices within the enterprise. In the end, the manufacturers hire employees with specialized skills, such as specialized product design, cost management, and quality control, and establish long-term contractual relationships with them. This can be more beneficial than buying the corresponding services from other vendors, thereby eliminating or reducing the corresponding transaction costs. New IRS Commissioner, John Koskinen, in the public announcement states, "We're expanding the Streamlined Procedures to pay for a significantly broader band of US taxpayers we presume are on the market who have still did not disclose their foreign accounts but who were not willfully evading their tax obligations. To encourage these taxpayers to come forward, we're expanding the eligibility criteria, eliminating a cap for the quantity of tax owed to qualify for the program, and getting rid of a questionnaire that applicants were required to complete."