passport to profits 2. Accounting earnings are based on the assumption of accounting instalments, which refers to the production and operation results of a certain period of time. Early accounting earnings is calculated according to the cash basis, and the modern accounting earnings is according to the classification current income and expenses of accrual basis, after the appropriate ratio calculated. However, the benefits of cash determination are more acceptable to users. (3) monetary benefits -- increase the monetary value of assets. There are both measurable and unquantifiable benefits in these three different forms of income. Among them: mental income is too strong to measure, monetary gain is easy to measure because of the static concept of value change. Economists, therefore, focus only on actual earnings. Interest rates in different countries have different connotations. In China, interest rates typically refer to bank interest rates, further pointing to the pboc's benchmark deposit and lending rates. In the United States, mainly refers to the bond market interest rates, the fed adjustment of benchmark interest rate, also not have mandatory administrative benchmark interest rates, but through open market operations after determine its rate for overnight loans between Banks. After August 1987, for example, as the dollar fell, people rushed to buy sterling, the high-yielding currency, which rose from $1.65 to $1.90 in a very short time, up almost 20%. In order to limit the rise in the pound, the UK cut interest rates for several consecutive times between may and June 1988, falling from 10% to 7.5%, with the pound falling every time it cut interest rates. But the pound began to pick up again after the bank of England was forced to raise interest rates several times as the pound weakened too quickly and inflationary pressures increased. It's not just the feeling of a modern-day gold rush, it's more likely.