profits in business "Conceptual framework" published by the financial accounting standards board Palmer said: "I'm worried about the British retailers are now in the midst of a perfect storm, interest rate decisions in November, rising inflation, real wages, falling credit availability and the UK to take off the European uncertainty increased, these during the Christmas season for caused an unprecedented pressure on household budgets, pushed consumer confidence to historic lows. "Historically, the concept of income has first appeared in economics. Adam Smith, in the wealth of nations, defined income as "the amount of consumption that is not eroded by capital", and saw it as an increase in wealth. Later, most economists inherited and developed this view. 1890, ai (Alfred Marshall Maarshell) in its "the principles of economics," the Adam Smith's "wealth increase" enterprise, introduced the concept of earnings, is proposed to distinguish the entity capital and value-added benefits of economic benefits. 1. The accounting income is based on the actual economic business of the enterprise, and the sales revenue obtained from selling products or providing services is deducted from the cost of actual sales revenue. These economic businesses include both external and internal transactions. Business activities with the outside world transfer the assets or liabilities of an enterprise, since it is usually a direct monetary income, so its measurement is generally accurate. The use or transfer of assets within an enterprise, as a result of a non-direct monetary balance, is usually not accurate. According to traditional accounting views, changes in market prices or expected prices are not included in the transfer of internal assets. When a transaction occurs, the price of an old asset is usually transferred to the new asset, which is the measurement of the proceeds of the transaction. The transaction method automatically deduces the process of determining income during sales or trading, as well as the cost transfer practice in accounting. As hicks income concept did not specify what is called "equal wealth", and thus the income concept formed the basis of many debates concept, and the theory of accounting earnings, especially the capital preservation theory has a great influence. In accounting, people used to call "maintaining the same level of affluence" as capital preservation.