profit statement "Conceptual framework" published by the financial accounting standards board Thus, surplus value is the intrinsic essence of profit, and profit is the phenomenon form of surplus value. Surplus value into profit, the profit and then into average profit, etc., hierarchy, the more the more escalated from abstract to concrete, it is close to the reality of capitalist society and the consciousness of the capital relationship between the parties; As a result, capital relations are becoming more and more mysterious as they leave their own source or base and get further and further away. Bourgeois economists for capitalism exploitation system, trying to deny the existence of the surplus value, no conflict between capital and employment, the product of the profit as capital itself, as the result of both production and circulation process. The so-called trinity formula of profit (interest), labor wage and land rent is the most explicit and typical defense argument of bourgeois vulgar economy. Marx's theory of profit is the transformation form of surplus value, profoundly reveals the essence and source of the profit, and profit further transformation of various concrete form again and they reflect the complexity of the capitalist production relations and class performance, thus for the proletariat and working people struggle against the bourgeoisie, and fight for the liberation of revolution provides the theory of sharp weapons. In the light of monetary crisis 2007 - 2010, many companies have had to trim their spending. Meanwhile, in the earlier years, they donated immeasureable dollars. Although there remained many big corporations which still gave away billions to charity within the global slowdown, others slimmed down their funds donations. In 2009, many company gained bigger profits, but this would not translate into bigger donations. Tough economic times can't prevent America's largest business from continuing giving in 2009. 30% of the large corporations gave more cash, and 16% gave a comparable because the year before. In general, total of 68 companies gave less during 2009 than 2008. Cash and product giving combined fell the first time for recent seven years. The following is a summary of companies which gave most during 2009. They were measured by comparing total giving in cash and products during 2009 to total profits in the year before. Larger suppliers can borrow cheaply from the government's regular contributions, which means they have little incentive to raise savings rates to attract customers' deposits and then lend.