pip profit 2. Leakage of gasoline pipe interface The same is true of unconventional interventions in corporate bonds and mortgage-backed securities. Not surprisingly, the concept of central bank independence obviously help to specific financial institutions - and this time, the whole society are under unprecedented economic pressures - soon become politically toxic. The orderly performance of the market ensures equal competition and fair trade, protecting the legitimate rights and interests of producers and operators and consumers. If W on behalf of commodity value, k represents the cost, with p represents the profit, so, as the money into profit, the capitalist conditions of commodity value, namely, W = c + v + m = k + m, on further into W = k + p, i.e. goods value + profit into the cost price. A car that has been modified to transport specialized goods. Some would say that the central bank's way of ensuring independence is to abandon macroprudential policies and micro-prudential policies and to take unconventional interventions in the securities market. But the crisis is an important lesson, macroeconomic and financial policies are closely connected, when the two tasks in the same institution, management by different commission, their coordination is the most effective. And because interest rates are low and uncertain, a crisis is coming, and unconventional policies will come back.