what is subnormal profit On the other hand, if investors think that inflation will worsen or worsen, interest rates may rise to curb inflation, and bond prices will fall. First half of the 1980 s, the United States there is a lot of huge budget deficit and trade deficit, the dollar remains strong, is the United States adopted a policy of high interest rates, which makes a lot of capital from Japan and Western Europe into the results of the United States. The trend of the dollar has been greatly influenced by interest rate factors. Interest rate decision theory Japan's industrial standard, JISK 0101, defines a car as a vehicle equipped with an engine and a control device that can still drive on land without a fixed orbit or overhead line. Some would say that the central bank's way of ensuring independence is to abandon macroprudential policies and micro-prudential policies and to take unconventional interventions in the securities market. But the crisis is an important lesson, macroeconomic and financial policies are closely connected, when the two tasks in the same institution, management by different commission, their coordination is the most effective. And because interest rates are low and uncertain, a crisis is coming, and unconventional policies will come back. Money supply is determined by the central bank of exogenous variables, the demand for money depends on the liquidity preference of people, when people's liquidity preference to enhance tend to increase the money hold, so rates are determined by the liquidity preference in joint decision currency demand and currency supply; Loanable ZiJinLun combines the first two interest rate determinism, that interest rate is determined by the supply and demand of loanable funds, including the total savings and new bank money supply and demand including the total investment and new currency demand, interest rate decision depends on common commodity market and money market equilibrium Revenue from the storage business grew by 7% to $1.4 billion, largely driven by a significant increase in SSD sales. On a year-on-year basis, revenue was up 61%, mainly driven by an increase in SSD market share... In the consumer market, client market, enterprise and cloud market growth reached double digits. Two extremes can be envisaged. In an extreme case, each production is done by a single individual, such as a person making a car. In this way, the person is going to trade with a lot of intermediate goods suppliers, and also to trade with the demanders of their products. In this case, all transactions are conducted through the market in many individuals. In another extreme cases, all the production in the economy in a large enterprise, such as the complete car was produced in the enterprise interior, don't need to make any intermediate products trading market. Therefore, the same transaction can be conducted either through the organizational form of the market or through the organizational form of the enterprise. Companies exist, or companies and markets coexist, because some transactions cost less in the enterprise, while others cost less in the market.