goodwill a non profit The international monetary fund cut its growth forecast for the UK to 1.6 per cent this year from 1.7 per cent in October and is expected to grow by 1.5 per cent in 2018. The marxist theory holds that the profit under the capitalist system is the transformation form or phenomenon of surplus value, which manifests as the balance of commodity value over cost price. That is, the total amount of the proceeds of the sale of the goods by the capitalist exceeds the balance of his prepaid capital. Profit from a home variable capital purchase Labour created in the process of production of surplus value, also is the surplus labor hiring workers create surplus value, can change capital proliferation. But it is manifested in the phenomenon as the capital increase of capital of capital of capital. 1. Enterprise income tax Donald trump won the presidency of the United States with the support of working-class and socially conservative white voters on the populist economic nationalist platform. Trump refused the republican traditional pro-business, close trade agenda, just as left-wing Bernie Sanders (Bernie Sanders), called for by the disruptive technology and the policy of "globalism" to free trade and migration of americans. The response to single factor value is trend. The tendency is the selection bias produced by the stimulation of the organism on a single environmental factor, which is the directional response form of the organism to the external stimulus, including the two basic forms of orientation and avoidance. The tropism has the tendency of phototropism, thermal tendency, wetness, tendency, and oxygenicity. It has the avoidance of light, heat, moisture, anaerobic and so on. For example, the acidity of paramecium, the thermal tendency of bedbugs and the phototropism of insects. The trend is the common response of low biological cells, biological tissues and protozoa. Tropism is in a series of internal inductance organically combined in a certain direction, to form a structure of ordering, and external single environment factor to form a single reaction, the biological function between the body and the external environment on the coherent function, to accelerate the ordering of the body development. When this series of inductivity is combined in a positive way, the tendency is formed. When this series of induction is combined in reverse, it forms a negative trend - the avoidance. In summary, the trend is the most elementary preordinate response to the external things of single factor value.