most profitable investment banks
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most profitable investment banks

Canning's 1929 book, economics in accounting, cites the economist's view that asset values are determined by the present value of the future cash flows of assets. Western economists further point out that the main factor that leads to the difference between trading costs in markets and businesses is the incompleteness of information. Because of the incompleteness of the information. Any party of a contract will be trying to collect, information and access to what they didn't have to monitor each other's behavior, and try to constraints, and afterwards to punish in advance of each other's default behavior and so on. All these practices produce transaction costs. As a result of these practices in the market and the enterprise can take different forms, so the corresponding transaction costs is not the same, in particular, under the condition of asymmetric information, in the process of market transactions, transaction cost, as a result of these practices are often very high. Therefore, through the organizational form of enterprises, some market transactions can be internalized to eliminate or reduce the high transaction costs generated by some market exchanges. Two extremes can be envisaged. In an extreme case, each production is done by a single individual, such as a person making a car. In this way, the person is going to trade with a lot of intermediate goods suppliers, and also to trade with the demanders of their products. In this case, all transactions are conducted through the market in many individuals. In another extreme cases, all the production in the economy in a large enterprise, such as the complete car was produced in the enterprise interior, don't need to make any intermediate products trading market. Therefore, the same transaction can be conducted either through the organizational form of the market or through the organizational form of the enterprise. Companies exist, or companies and markets coexist, because some transactions cost less in the enterprise, while others cost less in the market.