non-profit credit counseling agency The average interest rate on fixed-rate bonds has also increased. According to data firm Moneyfacts, the two-year average bond rate has risen by 41 percentage points, while the average price of three-year bonds has risen by 32 percentage points, as shown below. The German car market sold 3,697,290 new vehicles in 2011, down 1.9% from 2010, according to data released by the federal motor vehicle transport authority and the German automobile manufacturers association. The passenger car sold 3,173,634 vehicles, down 2.8%. In the context of the European debt crisis and the overall shrinking of the European market, the German car market has performed more smoothly than many expected in 2014. Compared with other developed countries in Europe, car sales in Germany are trending lower Adam Smith began as a logical starting point for "the personal gratification of the activity of personal gratification," and the market was "laissez-faire". The activities of the government completely unable to intervene in the pursuit of personal wealth, also don't have to worry about the laissez-faire altogether will create chaos, "an invisible hand" will be taking the laissez-faire personal economic activities arranged in perfect order. In other words, Adam Smith's market concept focuses on limiting government interference in individual economic activities. The wealth of nations also spends a considerable amount of time attacking the mercantilist policies that interfere with individual economic activity and limit individual economic power (property rights). Later classical economists stuck to their laissez-faire views. To do this, monetary and fiscal policymakers must work together, including letting the central bank liquidate its budget deficit in extreme circumstances. But central bank independence is an obstacle, not a help, in working with the financial sector.