gross profit revenue Frances O 'grady, chief secretary of the UK federation of industry and industry, said: "this suggests that brexit uncertainty has damaged the household budget. Work and living standards must be a priority in determining the best choice for brexit. The government should maintain a single market membership at the negotiating table. " Edwards and bell's point of view It is generally believed that the v-shaped engine is a relatively advanced engine, which also becomes a symbol of the sedan grade. At present, the most common engines are the straight-line 4 cylinder (L4) and v-type 6 cylinder (V6) engine. In general, the V6 engine has a higher displacement than L4, and the V6 engine runs smoothly and quietly than the L4 engine. A V6 engine is usually mounted on a mid-grade sedan. The importance of gasoline was not recognized in the 19th century, when it was used in a great deal of kerosene. The oil refining then relied on simple distillation processes to separate the different components of the oil from the boiling point. The boiling point of the kerosene component is higher, and the use of safety when lighting lamps becomes the main product of crude oil refining, while gasoline and other components are often burned as fuel. By the mid - to late 19th century, the successful use of gasoline engines in 1886, in 1886, the gasoline engine was successfully used as a driving force, thus the importance of gasoline increased. But using distillation, only 20% of the gasoline can be extracted from crude oil. In 1911, the standard oil company have solved the problem of low gasoline yield, by William burton and Robert hamm forest thermal cracking process of the invention, the heavy quality heating gas oil cracking of light gasoline fractions, such as to overall improve the gasoline yield, thermal cracking process in 1913 won the patent license in the United States. The subsequent catalytic cracking process has further improved the gasoline yield and octane value. Quality control indicators include: gasoline antiknock property (research octane number, motor octane number, antiknock index), sulfur content, vapor pressure, contents of olefins, aromatics, benzene content, corrosion, distillation range, etc. In January 2014, the national general motors (gm) IV standard was used. The state administration of quality supervision and inspection and the national standards commission issued the mandatory national standards for motor vehicles in phase V. The plan is to be implemented at the end of 2016. The sulfur content is the most critical environmental protection indicator in vehicle gasoline. In order to further reduce the emission of vehicle pollutants, the national V standard lowers the sulfur content limit from 50ppm in the fourth stage to 10ppm, which is 80% lower. Manganese has the potential risk to human health, and the vehicle emission control system will also have adverse effects. According to the principle of prevention, the limit value of the manganese content indicator is reduced from 8mg/L in the fourth stage to 2mg/L, which stipulates that no artificial addition is allowed. In order to further reduce the photochemical pollution caused by the evaporation of gasoline, and reduce the gas intake system of the automobile engine, the national five standard reduced the level of olefin from 28% to 24% in the fourth stage. Due to the decrease of octane number caused by the reduction of sulfur and manganese, the number of gasoline used in phase V was adjusted from 90, 93 and 97 to 89, 92 and 95 respectively. At the same time, considering the development trend of the automobile industry, the index requirements of motor gasoline are added in the standard appendices. Gasoline English called Gasoline (beauty)/Petrol (UK), appearance is transparent liquid, inflammable, distillation range of 30 ℃ to 220 ℃, main components in C5 ~ C12 fatty hydrocarbon and naphthene classes, and aromatic hydrocarbon, certain amount of Gasoline with high octane number (antiknock combustion performance), and by the discretion of octane number can be divided into no. 90, no. 93, no. 95, no. 97. Straight-run gasoline components which are obtained by oil refining gasoline, catalytic cracking gasoline, catalytic reforming gasoline components such as different after refined gasoline with high octane number components made by the harmonic, mainly used in automobile ignition internal combustion engine fuel. The bank of England says Britain is a European banker, and the imf welcomes the progress of Brexit - and that's what happened Britain has a long history of motor vehicle development, and the world's leading enterprises, universities, motor racing industry and autonomous projects have the strength to realize the transformation and development. Professional knowledge and forward-looking thinking are the unique advantages of developing core automotive technology in the UK.