net profit margin ratio formula It is not obvious in some analyses, but it is important to note that economic profits include opportunity costs. The profit of an entrepreneur (normal profit) is usually positive, but economic profit can be either positive or negative (loss). That's why the opportunity cost is included: in a completely competitive market, when marginal cost equals marginal revenue, profit maximization or loss minimization conditions arise. If the market price is lower than the total average cost, which means that the economic profit is negative, the entrepreneur needs to compare the value of the loss and the average variable cost. If the business continues to operate, the negative economic profit must not be lower than the average variable cost, otherwise the entrepreneur would rather shut down the company than continue to take the loss. Value is the core concept that defines the existence of human beings. It is the essence of human existence and development. All human emancipation behavior, namely the essential rule (humanity) for the creation of the self and to create and eventually reached for the essence of the law in order to maintain and development of a simple statement is all human practice is for maintaining and developing the essence of self, all value form from the category, cannot be separated from this category. Values in many areas have specific forms, such as social value, personal value, economic value, legal value, etc. The existence of these values is the essential nature of the category of human beings in different fields. At the same time, because there are some conceptualized maintenance and development of human thought there is no actual physical force, such value is defined separately as nominal value. The views of munoz and sprawus 2. Leakage of gasoline pipe interface On December 15th, just a day after the listing, Longfin announced that it was buying Ziddu.com, a singapore-based blockchain, with the shares of Longfin soaring in the face of a digital currency frenzy recently represented by bitcoin. All in all, Mr Trump is like a populist in the populist outfit - a pluto-populist. But why does his base allow him to avoid pursuing policies that hurt them mainly? According to an opinion, he is betting on social conservatives and white blue-collar supporters in rural areas to nationalism and religious sentiment and antipathy towards the coast of secular elite vote, on the basis of not for their own economic interests.